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Glossary of terms used on this site

There are 98 entries in this glossary.
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Term Definition
Calyculus

A structure varying in its morphological nature that looks like a small calyx, see in particular epicalyx.

Campanulate

E.g. of a polysymmetric corolla, bell-shaped, broadly tubular and then gradually widening towards the more or less spreading lobes, cf. rotate, infundibular, salverform, tubular, urceolate.

Capitulum

An inflorescence with sessile flowers aggregated into a dense cluster, whether a racemose (more usual) or cymose, sometimes made up of disc and ray flowers, cf. botryoid, corymb, fascicle, raceme, spike, thyrse, umbel

Carnose

Fleshy.

Chartaceous

Papery in texture, cf. coriaceous, papyraceous, scarious.

Cinereous

Ash-grey, as of wood ash.

Collar

The base of the hypocotyl, sometimes marked by an external line or a swollen area and/or bearing collar rhizoids adjoining and hypocotyl in the embryo or seedling, see epiblast, periblast, also cotyledon, eophyll, epicotyl, mesocotyl, plumule, primary leaf, of a monocot seedling, see also mesocotyl, coleorhiza, hyperphyll (apocole, haustorium/scutellum, phanomer), hypophyll (cotyledonary sheath, coleoptile).

Concaulescent

Of axillary branching, a kind of metatopic growth where the bud as it were shifted up the stem, being fused with the axis that bears it, the result is that it is borne way above the subtending leaf, cf. recaulescent, also epicaulescent.

Convex

Having a surface or boundary that curves or bulges outward, as the exterior of a sphere.

Coriaceous

Leathery in texture, cf. chaffy, chartaceous, papyraceous, scarious.

Corolla

The petals of a flower collectively, cf. androecium, calyx, gynoecium, perianth.

Corymb

A racemose inflorescence in which the pedicels of the lower flowers are longer than those of the flowers above, bringing all flowers to about the same level, cf. botryoid, fascicle, raceme, spadix, spike, thyrse, umbel.

Crenate

Of margins with small, rounded teeth or scalloped, dim. crenulate, cf. biserrate, dentate, entire, serrate, sinuate, undulate.

Cuneate

Wedge-shaped, the sides straight and coming to a point, the angle made being less than 90o, cf. acute, attenuate, acumen, apiculum, arista, awn, caudate, cuspidate, emarginate, mucronate, muticous, obtuse, retuse, rounded, truncate, cf. also cordate, hastate, oblique, runcinate, sagittate (esp. of lamina base).

Cyme

Of an sympodial inflorescence, with the apex of the stem axis converted into a flower, but further flowers arising successively from the axils of the bracteole/prophyll (monocots) or bracteoles/prophylls (most BLAs) immediately below it, and so on, adj. cymose, a cymule is a diminutive cyme, often used for part of an inflorescence, usually few-flowered, see dichasia and monochasia (basic types), and drepanium, helicoid cyme, rhipidium, scorpioid cyme (variants), and bicolor unit and cyathium (modifications in particular families), see also botryoid, corymb, fascicle, cf. raceme.

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Mauricio Diazgranados @ 2013. Postdoctoral researcher | Botany | NMNH | Smithsonian Institution 
Website: http://www.mauricio-diazgranados.com/ | Email: espeletias@gmail.com
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